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Unter den Versuchsarten kommen cultivirte Gewächse vor, wie Aquilegia atropurpurea und canadensis, Dianthus Caryophyllus, chinensis und japonicus, Nicotiana rustica und paniculata, und auch diese hatten nach einer 4- bis 5maligen hybriden Verbindung nichts von ihrer Selbstständigkeit verloren.
Among the experimental species cultivated plants occur, such as Aquilegia atropurpurea and canadensis, Dianthus Caryophyllus, chinensis and japonicus, Nicotiana rustica and paniculata, and these as well had lost nothing of their autonomy after 4 to 5 fold hybrid conjunction.

In the manuscript, there is a double square bracket at the start of this sentence, probably a mark by the printer that this sentence was to be placed on the next page. This, and other details, suggests that the manuscript that has survived was the manuscript from which Mendel’s paper was typeset.

Unter den Versuchsarten = Among the experimental species Presumably, this refers to the “experimental species” Gärtner worked with in his “transformation experiments” (cf. p. 40, s. 7), although separating this sentence by a paragraph from the previous one makes the reference less clear. The species mentioned in this sentence were indeed all included in the list that Gärtner provided for his transformation experiments; see Carl Friedrich Gärtner, Versuche und Beobachtungen über die Bastarderzeugung im Pflanzenreich (Stuttgart: Hering, 1849), p. 463–464.

Aquilegia atropurpurea and canadensis See p. 40, s. 7.

Dianthus Caryophyllus, chinensis & japonicus On D. caryophyllus, see p. 37, s. 10. D. chinensis and D. japonicus, unsurprisingly, are known as Chinese and Japanese pink respectively. All three species names remain accepted.

autonomy = Selbstständigkeit Both Bateson and Sherwood have “stability”; see See p. 6, s. 1. It is not so clear what Mendel may have in mind with his claim that the species Gärtner worked with in his transformation experiments “lost nothing of their autonomy”. Gärtner, after all, observed that they could readily be transformed into each other (see, e. g., op. cit., p. 470). It may be that, in Mendel’s eyes, this was precisely what demonstrated their “autonomy”; because their transformation could be resolved in terms of recombination of independent traits; see previous sentence and p. 38, s. 3.

hybrid conjunction = hybriden Verbindung See p. 10, s. 14.

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