Naturalism of Emile Zola, and his contemporary scientific cultural milieu One-Day Workshop
December 4th, 2004, 9:45-17:30 Building 13, Room 109, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, Japan http://www.rcast.u-tokyo.ac.jp/index.html
ORGANIZER: KANAMORI Osamu (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo) WORKING LANGUAGE: Japanese
PROGRAM 9:45-10:00 Introduction: KANAMORI Osamu
10:00-11:15 OGURA Kosei (Keio University, Tokyo): “Zola and the representation of body” For the naturalism, the theme of human body has a particular importance, and this, especially for the case of Emile Zola. In this talk, I would like to focus on three major themes: i.e., 1: the politics of the body, 2: the physiological determination of the body in that especially in Zola case the young female body assumed the discourse sphere within which the physiological meaning of the body takes predominance, 3: the body as an object of a look.
11:15-12:30 KANAMORI Osamu (The University of Tokyo, Tokyo): “Genetics of Zola” Emile Zola’s Les Rougon-macquart is really important literary documents. Their scientific background was influenced by contemporary geneticists, especially Doctor Prosper Lucas. But as is known, the important work of G.Mendel during 1860’s was not recognized in the contemporary scientific milieu, so it remained unknown in the time. Zola also didn’t know Mendel’s work. So, in his world, when he talks about genetics, the disjunctive character of the notion of gene is completely absent. In this sense, in the frame of our genetic understanding, the “genetic” determination of his fictions was quite sloppy and aleatory. Nevertheless, the fictional universe of the Rougon-Macquart is very important and interesting. I would like to analyse the scientific background of its universe, and its necessary deliverance from it.
13:30-14:45 KANN0 Kenji (The Tokyo Metropolitan University): “Beyond the measure : on the “mensuromania” at the end of the nineteenth century” What happens in our scientific thought, when we resort to “measures” with the aim of seizing correctly a human phenomeneon ? In the 18th century already, Charles Bonnet, the Genevan naturalist, had dreamed of a “psychometer” applicable to all mental phenomenona of man. In the 19th century, Adolphe Quetelet, the Belgian mathematician, conceived the “anthropometry”, as a method of measuring directly the human intellectual organs. Decades later, Alphonse Bertillon, chief of Judicial Identity of Paris Police, put it into practice and found himself in a state of total confusion through the criminal procedure of the Dreyfus case… By examinating some “measures” applicated by Dr. Edouard Toulouse to the body of Emile Zola on the eve of the famous Affair, we will attempt to reconsider a widespread “mensuromania” in the Europe at the end of the 19th century.
15:00-15:30 Response 1: SUGAYA Norioki (Rikkyo University, Tokyo) 15:30-16:00 Response 2: OKI Sayaka (The University of Tokyo – EHESS, Tokyo)
16:15-17:30 Discussion Moderator: KANAMORI Osamu
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON THE ONE-DAY WORKSHOP, PLEASE CONTACT KIHARA Hidetoshi, Faculty of Political Science and Economics Kokushikan University 1-1-1, Hirobakama, Machida, Tokyo, 195, JAPAN TEL: +81-(0)42-736-8127 FAX: +81-(0)42-736-5483 EMAIL: [email protected]