The BSHS encourages good quality history of science by organising and judging three prestigious biennial prizes, two of which are awarded by the Society:
- The Singer Prize is awarded by the BSHS every two years to the author of an unpublished essay based on original research into any aspect of the history of science, technology, or medicine. The Prize is intended for younger scholars or entrants into the profession.
- The Dingle Prize is awarded to the best book in the history of science (broadly construed) published in English and which is accessible to a wide audience of non-specialists. The winner of the 2009 competition was Thomas Dixon, Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2008).
- The BSHS Slade Prize was awarded biennially between 1999 and 2009 to the writer of an essay (published or unpublished) that made the best critical study of an episode in the history of science focused on conceptual innovation or scientific methodology. Details of the winners are available here.
- The BSHS John Pickstone Prize is awarded every two years to the best scholarly book in the history of science (broadly construed) in English, alternating with the Dingle Prize for the best popular book.