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Science: its Advocates and Adversaries (Institute of Contemporary British History)

///Science: its Advocates and Adversaries (Institute of Contemporary British History)

Science: its Advocates and Adversaries (Institute of Contemporary British History)

SCIENCE: ITS ADVOCATES AND ADVERSARIES 17th Annual Conference of the Institute of Contemporary British History, 7-9 July 2003, Senate House, University of London.

For registration information contact the ICBH at [email protected] Abstracts will be posted on our website: www.icbh.ac.uk/icbh

Monday 7 July 9:15-10:00 Registration and Coffee 10:00-10:15 Introduction

10:15-11:25 Plenary Lecture Prof David Edgerton (Imperial College, London): ‘Science and the Nation’ Chair: Dr Harriet Jones (ICBH)

11:30-13:00 Panel Sessions

A. Two Cultures Dr Anna Mayer (Cambridge): ‘Reluctant Technocrats: Science- Promotion in the Neglect-of-Science Debate’ Mr Guy Ortolano (Northwestern): ‘Neither Advocate Nor Adversary: F. R. Leavis on Science’ Dr Paul White (Cambridge): ‘One culture or two?: the formation of science and literature in the Victorian period’ Discussant: Prof David Cannadine (IHR)

B. The Practice of Medicine Dr Alan Bacon (Brunel): ‘Clinical Autonomy in Decline?: The changing role of doctors within the public health services’ Prof Ann Lennarson Greer (Wisconson): ‘Practicing what others preach: A case study in science and practice in the NHS’ Dr Helen Valier (Manchester): ‘Chronic Illnesses in the Golden Age of Clinical Research’ Discussant: Prof Virginia Berridge (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

13:00-14:00 Lunch

14:00-15:30 Panel Sessions C. The British Thermonuclear Bluff Revisited Dr Kate Pyne (Aldermaston): ‘Going it alone: British nuclear warhead development before 1958’ Dr Richard Moore: ‘How much American help?: British nuclear warhead development after 1958’ Discussant: Prof Eric Grove (Hull)

D. Scientists and Society Dr Jon Turney (University College, London): ‘Popular Science as Popular epistemology’ Mr Hugh Aldersey-Williams: ‘One man’s ceiling is another man’s floor: scientific conscience during the 1970s’ Dr Robin Mackie and Dr Gerrylynn Roberts (Open University): ‘Who were the Chemists?: the changing profile of the British chemical community in the twentieth century’ Discussant: Dr Robert Bud (Science Museum)

15:30-16:00 Tea

16:00-17:30 Plenary Discussion Prof Hilary Rose (Gresham College) and Prof Steven Rose (Open University): ‘Science and Society Revisited’ Chair: Prof Michael Warboys (Manchester) 17:30-19:00 Reception

Tuesday, 8 July 9:30-10:00 Coffee

10:00-11.30 Panel Sessions

E. Healthy Children? Ms Pru Hobson-West (Nottingham): ‘Resistance to vaccination in England: Science, history and risk’ Dr Emm Barnes (Cambridge): ‘Childhood Cancers, 1977-2002: the Rhetoric of Cure’ Prof Jean Mercer (Richard Stockton College): ‘Attachment Therapy: Science Adversaries Appeal to Scientific Evidence’ Discussant: Dr Ornella Moscucci (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)

F. Britain and the Space Race Dr Felicity Mellor (Imperial College, London): ‘Promoting Catastrophe: Astronomy and the Scientific Imaginary’ Dr Jane Gregory (University College, London): ”People, not gadgets’: how cosmologists survived the space race’ Mr Matthew Godwin (ICBH): ‘The Foreign Office, ESRO, and British Space Policy, 1959-63’ Discussant: Dr Jon Agar (University College, London)

11:35-13:00 Plenary Lecture Dr Sally Horrocks (Leicester): ”Neither are research workers witch doctors’: images of science and the management of corporate R&D in Britain, c.1945-1970′ Chair: Dr Richard Coopey (Aberystwyth)

12:50-13:50 Lunch

13:50-15:20 Panel Sessions

G. Genetic Controversies Dr William Leeming (Manchester): ‘Eugenics, Human Genetics and Medical Genetics’ Dr Martin W Bauer (LSE): ‘DNA in trouble: 50 years of public opinion’ Ms Louise Jarvis (UCL): ‘Directed Mutation and twentieth century Lamarckism’ Discusant: Dr Soraya de Chadarevian (Cambridge)

H. Objects of Desire Dr Justus Lentsch (Bielefeld): ‘Scientific Advice, the Precautionary Principle and the Governance of Risk: the Case of EMF Effects of Mobile Phones’ Mr George Woolaghan (Central St Martin’s) ‘Inherent contradictions of technology: Locating social and technical boundaries in the car’ Dr Colin Chant (Open): ‘Cars, contexts and identities: the Volkswagen and the Trabant’ Discussant: Dr Mats Fridlund (Imperial College)

I. Science and Emigration Ms Jessica Reinisch (Imperial College, London): ‘German exiles’ approaches to the post-war reconstruction of public health in Germany, 1944-1945′ Ms Jenny Marie (UCL): ‘Hans Grüneberg and the establishment of developmental genetics in Britain

Dr Alexis de Greiff (Bogota): ‘Abdus Salam: a migrant scientist at Imperial College in post-imperial times’ Discussant: Prof Paul Weindling (Oxford Brookes)

15:20-15:40 Tea

15:40-17:10 Plenary Lecture Prof Terence Kealey (Buckingham): ‘Science: Why its advocates like to pretend it is a public good’ Chair: Prof Pat Thane (ICBH)

18:30-20:00 PUBLIC DEBATE Cure or Crime: Science, History and Drugs Panellists include: Prof Les Iveson (Oxford), Dr James Mills (Glasgow) Chair: to be announced

20:00-21:00 Reception Sponsored by Oxford University Press and BBC History Magazine

Wednesday, 9 July 9:30-10:00 Coffee 10:00-11:25 Panel Sessions

J. Science and Intelligence Dr Stephen Twigge (Public Record Office): ‘Scientific Intelligence and the Attlee Government 1945-51’ Mr Michael Goodman (Nottingham): ‘Atomic Intelligence and the Soviet target’ Mr Simone Turchetti (Manchester): ‘The Pontecorvo Case: Nuclear Science, the Cold War and Italian émigré intellectuals in post-war Britain’

Discussant: to be announced K. Science and Reconstruction Ms Sabine Clarke (Imperial College, London): ‘Promoting Fundamental Science for Colonial Development in the Post War period’ Mr Simon Lock (University College, London): ‘Constructing the Nation: the display of science in the Festival of Britain, 1951’ Dr Robert Bud (Science Museum): ‘”Religion is not only silly but wrong”: the political and cultural meaning of DNA, 1939-53’ Discussant: to be announced

11:30-12:45 Plenary Lecture Prof David Zimmerman (Victoria): British Science, German Academic Refugees and the Coming of the Second World War Chair: Prof Antoine Capet (Rouen) 12:45-13:45 Lunch 13:45- 15:15 Panel Sessions

L. Science, Technology and Warfare Dr Bart Hacker (Smithsonian): ‘Against Mechanization: British Army Officers Opposed to Military Mechanization’ Ms Nafsika Thalassis (Salford): ‘Silk purse or sow’s ear: the use of psychological testing in the Armed Forces during the Second World War’ Dr Brian Balmer (University College, London): The ‘Carella Incident’: Secret Science in the Cold War and the Accidental Exposure of Fishermen to Biological Warfare Agents Discussant: Prof Ian Beckett (Marine Corps Research Center)

M. Science and Controversy Dr Eve Seguin (Aberdeen): ‘Prion Discourse: How an Unconventional Discourse Accommodates an Unconventional Agent’ Dr Chris Philippidis (Bath): ‘The impact that quantum epistemology has had on scientific narratives’ Dr Abigail Woods (Manchester): ‘Controlling foot and mouth disease in Britain: official and popular reactions to vaccine discovery, 1939-1954’ Discussant: Dr Andrew Mendelsohn (Imperial College, London)

15:20-18.00 Witness Seminar The British Scientific Response to the Strategic Defence Initiative in the mid-1980s Chair: Prof Lawrence Freedman (King’s College, London) Introductory paper: Mr Holger Nehring (Oxford) Witnesses include: Sir Michael Quinlan, Lord Powell, Sir John Weston, Prof Sir Joseph Rotblat, and Prof A. David Caplin

For registration information contact the ICBH at [email protected] Abstracts will be posted on our website: www.icbh.ac.uk/icbh ICBH, Institute of Historical Research, Senate House, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HU

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