From: Yone Sugita <[email protected]> Dear Colleagues:

I got small funding to hire one online Research Assistance (approximately 40 hours and renewable) to help me collect statistical data, make bibliography, and other resources to write this paper which would be included as a chapter in an edited volume. As for my theme and a brief description, please see below. This is an online RA — You can be anywhere in the world. We pay in US dollars (check). Qualification: Those who are familiar with the Arizona Telemedicine Program. Those who are familiar with telemedicine Those who are familiar with using database

If you are interested, please send me you brief CV and describe why you are qualified for this position. Once selected, you can start working immediately and work until the end of August. Please contact: [email protected] [email protected] Yone Sugita Associate professor, Osaka U. of Foreign Studies

(Research Theme and description) Telemedicine in the American South: Innovative Technology and Cooperation among Universities, Government, and the Private Sector Yone Sugita (Osaka University of Foreign Studies, Osaka Japan)

This paper analyzes the significance of telemedicine in the American South (taking Arizona as a case study), regarding it as a product of innovative technology and cooperation among universities, local and state governments, and private corporations.

Because of the size of the United States, Americans in rural areas often live far away from major medical centers. For example, the area of Arizona, the sixth largest US state, is more than 113,000 square miles, but only Tucson and Phoenix provide thoroughly modern medical services. Around 300,000 people living in rural areas spend hours driving to come and consult specialists when necessary.

Arizona introduced telemedicine to help address this issue. Although telemedicine was technically available even in the 1960s, rapid developments in IT in the 1990s made the use of telemedicine practical. In Arizona, the state legislature launched the Arizona Telemedicine Program in 1996. It is an extensive, multidisciplinary, university-based program that provides telemedicine services, distance learning, informatics training, and telemedicine technology assessment capabilities to communities throughout Arizona. The program has been saving patients’ time and money by providing them with the opportunity to gain specialized medical treatment without traveling hundreds of miles. Telemedicine technologies also provide healthcare providers in rural areas with training programs and continuing medical education credits. Currently, the Arizona Telemedicine Program is providing medical services via both real-time and store-and-forward technologies in twenty communities. This program delivers about 500 hours of continuing medical education and continuing education to over 30 local communities using bi-direction video conferencing. The Arizona Telemedicine Program, as a pioneer in telemedicine in the United States, has succeeded in creating partnerships among the University of Arizona College of Medicine, local and state governments, and private corporations. Functioning as a “virtual corporation,” the program is creating new paradigms for healthcare delivery on the Internet. Information industries support this injection to economic development in Arizona. Combinations of cutting-edge technologies in medical science and information industries have been bringing both health and economic prosperity to Arizona . Building a strong industry-university-government complex is one of the most important factors in generating substantive social and economic development in Arizona. This paper examines the process and the characteristics of this development.

Yone Sugita Associate Professor of American History Osaka University of Foreign Studies Minoh-city, Osaka Japan 562-8558 phone/fax: +81 72-730-5416 [email protected] [email protected]