We are looking for research assistants and, eventually, doctoral candidates doing theses relating to the following research project currently funded by the CIHR. Applicants to the graduate program in history should contact George Weisz ([email protected]) and those for the program in sociology should contact Alberto Cambrosio ([email protected]). Regulating Difference: The Institutions of Medical Objectivity, 1945-2000 We propose in this project to analyze how modern medicine has come to grips with the multiple and ubiquitous cultural, social and practical differences and variations with which it is increasingly confronted. Processes of globalization make these variations increasingly glaring. We are especially concerned with the creation of institutions and instruments to manage these differences and generate consensus, however partial or temporary in nature. Our approach is comparative. We will examine the social and historical dynamics of regulation, objectification and standardization since World War II in three different domains of medical activity: oncology, gynecology, and orthopedic and trauma surgery. (Other domains may be added if they contribute to the theoretical interest of the project.)We examine these domains in several different countries, one of them Canada. We expect to make an original contribution to the historical and sociological understanding of an essential albeit often misunderstood element in the development of modern medicine and biomedical innovation. Such understanding is essential to informed discussions of health policy and health ethics.

Investigators: George Weisz, Social Studies of Medicine, McGill University (Designated Principal) Alberto Cambrosio, Social Studies of Medicine, McGill University Thomas Schlich, Social Studies of Medicine, McGill University Peter Keating, History, UQAM Rebecca Fuhrer, Epidemiology, McGill