22nd International Congress of History of Science, Beijing, July 24-30, 2005 International Union of History and Philosophy of Science — Division History of Science

CALL FOR PAPERS Symposium International Networks, Exchange and Circulation of Knowledge in Life Sciences, 18th to 20th Centuries Organizers Prof. Dr. Brigitte HOPPE — Germany, Assoc.Prof. Dr. Sona STRBANOVA — Czech Republic, Dr. Nicolas ROBIN — France

Background of the symposium Knowledge about natural objects and their value for humans, also empirical results and theories in life sciences have been transferred from one country to another, from one continent to another since long. However, the ways, conditions and intensity of knowledge exchange and appropriation of new knowledge have varied especially under the influence of changing techniques of communication during the last centuries. The circulation of knowledge between adjoining regions or between overseas countries in the direction of the four cardinal points, has developed in a cooperative atmosphere but also under circumstances of strained relations caused by diverse cultures or different social and political systems. Therefore, obstacles for scientific exchange and their overcoming should also be taken into account by history. Since the late 18th century, life sciences began to evolve as an international collaborative effort and international enterprise, whether we speak about genesis of discoveries and research programs, invention of methods, or evolution of theories. In this cooperative and competitive process not only life sciences but also other sciences and humanities have been involved, including chemistry, physics, philosophy and others. The exchange and circulation of knowledge and ideas in which individual scientists, scientific schools and various types of institutions belonging to different countries and cultures have participated became key to the development of life sciences.

Goal of the Symposium The symposium aims at presenting case studies related to the history of life sciences that would investigate the various paths of knowledge-transmission, the structures and stakeholders of international networks, their role in circulating knowledge between countries, institutions and different cultures, and trace the ways ideas and knowledge have been spreading and appropriating across borders and cultures. The role of different media of transmission from the informal Republic of letters to the proliferation of journals and the establishment of scientific congresses may be analyzed. The symposium should discuss the contribution of international networks to the development of doctrines, genesis of discoveries, or invention of methods, and obstacles that had stood in their way. Furthermore, the possibilities of a better understanding between diverse civilizations and cultures with the help of exchange of natural objects and contribution to knowledge of biological phenomena may be investigated. By this way the symposium will contribute to the general theme of the Congress Globalization and Diversity. The proposed time frame is 18th to 20th centuries.

Tentative topics of the symposium 1) Different types of communication networks and infrastructures: regional and international, personal and institutional, informal or officially organized (including scientific schools, scientific meetings, scientific societies, etc.). 2) Institutional bases of transnational networks — nonscientific or scientific ones (e. g. research institutes or scientific organizations, research foundations, trade companies or overseas state institutions during colonialism, international projects). 3) Evolution of doctrines, discoveries and research programs or invention of methods as results of international cooperation. 4) Different purposes of transnational networks: exploration of regions and lands, exploration of wide variety of special fields (e. g. seawater plants and animals, tropical diseases, biotechnologies, etc.) 5) Correspondences as means of networking and scientific exchange. 6) Circulation and transfer of knowledge with regard to language (e. g. the role of translations), historical and social context. 7) Study sojourns in foreign countries, faculty and students exchange as means of transferring scientific methods and knowledge. 8) Circulation of empirical knowledge about natural objects and phenomena as well as medical practices, experimental methods and the like, from one cultural context to another. 9) Issues of appropriation, acceptance, adaptation or refusing of „exported” and/or „imported” knowledge including reception of European scientific theories in non-European countries (e. g. of the evolution theory).


The length of each paper: 20 minutes plus 10 minutes discussion.

Congress languages: English and French.

The potential speakers interested in participating in the Symposium are requested to send the organizers a one-page preliminary abstract (via e-mail, telefax or regular mail) and his/her correct postal and e-mail-addresses, and telefax-number. Please feel free to disseminate the Call for Papers to other prospective participants. Each participant at the Congress can give only one paper!

Deadline for the preliminary application of a paper to the organizers: 31th August 2004. Those colleagues who will send the organizers their abstract will be notified about the acceptance of their paper by November 1, 2004.

For registration, please, contact: Congress Website: http://2005bj.ihns.ac.cn Fax: 86-10-6401-7637; E-mail: [email protected]

Addresses of the organizers:

Prof. Dr. Brigitte HOPPE Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Museumsinsel 1 D-80538 Muenchen, Germany Fax: 0049-89/2180-3162 E-mail: [email protected]

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sona STRBANOVA Research Center for History of Sciences and Humanities Legerova 61 15521 Prague, Czech Republic Phone: 00420-221-990-618 Fax: 00420-224-943-057 E-mail: [email protected]

Dr. Nicolas ROBIN Present address: 11a, Loeherstrasse D-63739 Aschaffenburg, Germany E-mail: [email protected]