“The History of Solar Energy and ISES”

Special Session at ISES 2005 www.swc2005.org

Organizing Committee: Co-chairs: Renate Boer, U.S.A., [email protected] – Cesare Silvi, Italy, [email protected]

Scientific-Technical Committees/International Scientific Committee: Chair James C. Williams, U.S.A., [email protected] Gerhard Mener, Germany, [email protected] Bill Beckmann, U.S.A., [email protected],wisc,edu Dana Moran, U.S.A, [email protected] John Perlin, U.S.A, [email protected] Anthony Stranges, U.S.A., [email protected]

Calls for papers for the Special Session at ISES 2005 on “The History of Solar Energy and ISES”

Foreword: The world history of energy use and technology is essentially the history of solar energy in all its renewable energy forms (for millennia, direct and diffuse solar radiation and its indirect forms of wind energy, hydro, photosynthesis) rather than the history of solar energy in its fossil or geologic forms (only for 200 years, coal, oil, gas) and of the other forms of energy (nuclear, geothermal, tides).

In 1955, AFASE, The Association for Applied Solar Energy, from which ISES had its origin, organized the first AFASE/ISES Symposium on Applied Solar Energy in Arizona. Since then, an international scientific network for solar energy existed.

After 50 years, ISES proposes the History Session on the occasion of its 50th Anniversary to review the use of solar energy in all its renewable forms (direct solar energy, biomass, wind and water power) in the past in order to understand its role for the future.

In the following we suggest topics for which we would welcome abstracts. In every section, papers on the material culture of solar energy (solar machines and the pioneers that are intertwined with them) or the events that constructed the fascination of solar energy are especially welcome, as well as papers by First Person Witnesses.

We also encourage submission of abstracts related to solar energy that are not spelled out in this call for papers. There are no restrictions in terms of academic disciplines. The decisive criterion is the likelihood that the papers can make a meaningful contribution to telling stories that have not been told or taking generally known stories and interpreting them in a new way.

TOPIC 1: Intellectual history of solar energy

o Solar in myths and religions in different regions of the world o Conceptual ideas of solar energy in ancient science o Modern concepts of solar energy

Specific topics might include:

1. Role of Sun in mythology and religion 2. Significance of sun worship in different cultures 3. Ancient observatories 4. Astronomy related to ancient civilizations 5. Sun myths 6. Ancient tribal and folklore related to the Sun 7. Modern conceptions of solar energy in the context of the thermodynamic laws 8. Popular perception of solar energy in the industrialized world (e.g. solar energy in science fiction, visions of energy policy).

TOPIC 2: Solar technologies from ancient civilizations to the industrial revolution

Specific topics might include:

1. Solar architecture 2. Active solar energy like solar mirrors, wind mills or water power 3. Forestry and agriculture

TOPIC 3: Solar technologies in the 19th and early 20th century

o Solar energy and its meaning in the context of imperial and/or self sufficiency policies o Lost in the desert: the failure of colonial dreams about solar energy

Specific topics might include:

1. Discourse about energy policy, highlighting the meaning of solar energy, in the context of imperial and/or self sufficiency policies 2. Political efforts to support the development of solar energy technology 3. Early efforts to develop solar energy technology and the reason for their failure

TOPIC 4: Politics and policy drivers in solar energy research and use at national and international levels o National government policies and programs o International institutions (United Nations, World Bank, Regional Development Banks, European Union and other regional Institutions) or non-profit organizations

Specific topics might include:

1. Which actors pushed the political support for solar energy 2. What kind of energy policy concepts and what kind of supporting measures for solar energy were implemented in the different periods. 3. What arguments or interests were mobilized against renewable energy 4. What effects did the national and the international activities have. What limitations did exist for these programs and events

TOPIC 5: Solar energy, its market introduction and the established science and technology

o Market introduction o Integration of solar energy technologies in natural and built environment o Research problems in the context of market introduction and integration

Specific topics might include:

1. Barriers or success factors in the process of market introduction and integration 2. The meaning of solar energy in the established scientific and technological community. 3. Research problems in the process of market introduction 4. The development of an international scientific and technological network for solar energy

TOPIC 6: Information about solar energy

o Records and archives about solar energy

Specific topics might include:

1. Solar energy records in established archives 2. Bibliographic work 3. New approaches in opening up and connecting information about the history of solar energy

Call for papers and abstract submission

Why a session on the history of solar energy? The history of solar energy and ISES is a special topic of the ISES 2005 Solar World Congress (Orlando, Florida, USA, August 8-12, 2005, www.swc2005.org), which has been included for the first time in an ISES solar world congress program on the occasion of the celebrations of the 50th Anniversary of ISES.

General Instructions: The abstract/paper must represent original work. Acceptance of papers for presentation will be based on extended abstracts. All full papers will be peer-reviewed.

Please submit title and abstracts of your presentation and clearly identify on the top of your paper and in the subject of your email: “to be presented at the History Sessions — topic as identified in the instructions for authors”

Abstracts submission and selection: All submitted abstracts will be reviewed for an oral presentation at ISES 2005. Abstracts should be submitted on-line at www.swc2005.org. Instructions for authors and on how to submit on-line will be posted September 1, 2004.

Important Dates: Deadline for submission of abstracts: November 15, 2004 Notification of acceptance: January 1, 2005

If you have any questions, suggestions for speakers, sessions or other activities at the 2005 Solar World Congress, please email to [email protected] or [email protected] . We welcome your suggestions on this international solar energy history event.